Probably the most well-known sorts of deformities of the feet are the following:
Bunions (Hallux Valgus):
Bunions, which are medically known as Hallux Abducto Valgus, are caused from an imbalance of muscles in the foot. To patients, they define bunions as a bump on their big toe. Factors such as genetics do play a role in the development of bunions. Bunions are not inherited but rather certain ‘foot types’ are inherited which can predispose the development of bunions. Shoes do not cause bunions but they can cause a bunion deformity to become progressively worse. As certain muscles become stronger, and conversely, others become weaker, the bunion becomes larger. Because of the progressive nature of hammertoes, they should receive early attention.
A Hammertoe is a contracture (bending) of one or both joints of the second, third, fourth, or fifth (little) toes. This abnormal bending can put pressure on the toe when wearing shoes, causing problems to develop. Hammertoes usually start out as mild deformities and get progressively worse over time. In the earlier stages, hammertoes are flexible and the symptoms can often be managed with noninvasive measures. However, if left untreated, hammertoes can become more rigid and will not respond to non-surgical treatment. Symptoms from patients are usually, deformed toes, and pain at the tips of the toes or at the ‘knuckle’ of the toe joint. Because of the progressive nature of hammertoes, they should receive early attention. Hammertoes never get better without some kind of intervention.
Flatfeet can be something that is inherited, though not directly. Our genetics influence the flexibility and adaptability of our feet. As we begin to walk, our feet are ‘mobile adaptors’ and are influenced by the shapes of shoes, orthotics, etc. When patients develop flatfeet, their feet do not adapt as well and it causes increased points of pressure during normal activities like walking. This can become very painful. It is important to recognize flatfeet at an earlier age not only to reduce pain and symptoms but also to help reduce the chances of developing other foot deformities like bunions or equinus. Conservative and aggressive treatment options are available to help reduce or eliminate this deformity
Ingrown toenail is a condition in which a nail penetrates the skin on the side of a toe. The area where the nail gets in becomes swollen and leads to many complications (ESPECIALLY in case of diabetic foot) and sometimes can lead to an infection. Symptoms include drainage, redness, and pain. If you or someone you know has these symptoms, they should contact their nearest podiatrist and get immediate treatment.
A significant number of these are straightforward, simple fixes that can save you from long periods of undesirable torment and distress.